Facts About Wynad
700 to 2100 m above Sea level
(Annual): 250 cm
Tropical monsoon. seasonally exessive
rain fall. hot summer
Season: August to March
How to get there
: The nearest airport is at
Road : Wynad's headquarters.
Kalpetta is linked by road to other towns in Kerala and there are
frequent buses to Calicut.
Wynad - Nature's Bounty
The unique geographical features of Wynad, expressed
in rugged mistcovered mountains and pastoral valleys, lend this
northern district a peculiar charm and a delightful challenge for
hikers and nature lovers. The last populous of Kerala's districts,
Wynad is relatively backward and development has not appreciably
improved the lives of the tribes who comprise a sizeable section
of the population.
Wynad's climate and
geography make it ideal for the cultivation of coffee, tea, cardamom,
paper and rubber. Plantations, especially of coffee, abound.
Once ruled by the
Kalpetta, the district headquarters, is the famous Ananthaatha Jain
Temple at Puliyarmala. This district is said to have been a stronghold
of Jains in the past. Another pointer to this fact is the Glass
Temple Of Koottamunda, 20 km from Kalpetta. Located on the slope
of the Vellarimala hill, this temple is dedicated to Parswanatha
Swami of the Jain faith. The mirrors inside the temple walls reflect
in thousands of beautiful patterns the images
of the icons in the temple's sanctum sanatorium.
Trekkers would like
to head for the Chembra Peak, 18 km away, the Banasura Sagar Dam
near Padinharathara, also 18 km away, as well as the Meenmutty waterfall,
40 km from Kalpetta.
picturesque hills, gurgling streams and lush vegetation, Lakkadi
is one of the highest sports in Wynad, often subject to heavy rainfall.
The beautiful natural fresh water Pookote Lake, 3 km from Lakkadi,
is a favourite picnic spot. The District Tourism Promotion Council
arginases boat cruises on the lake.
At a height of nearly 500 m above sea level,
110 km from Calicut, is filled with coffee estates. It is historically
important as the last resting place of Pazhassi Raja who valiantly
fought the British. He was cremated here with full military honours.
The Tomb of Pazhassi Raja and the park in his memory are reminders
of this great ruler.
the 'Kasi of the South', is 32 km from Mananthavady. Believers say
the idol of Vishnu was installed here by Brahma himself. Near the
temple is the Papanasini whose waters, the religions believe, can
wash one's sins away.
Close to Thirunelly
is the brid-watching centre of Pakshippathalam. The place can be
reached only by trekking. A watch tower allows bird lovers to try
and spot the different varieties of brirds which come here.
The Valliyurkavu Bhagawathi
temple of Durga is known for the two-week long festival attended
by hundreds of advises. In the past, devises were sold as bonded
during this festival.
Ecotourists will delight
in the Kuruva Islands, 16 km from Mananthavady, on the river Kabini.
Apart from animals and birds, these islands have rich herbs, orchids
and rare species of flowers.
(pronounced in Malayalam
as 'Sul-than Ba-the-ry'), 98 km from Calicut, was formerly known
as Ganapathivattom. It derivers its present name from Tippu Sultan
of Mysore who built a fort here in the 18th century.
The remnants of the
historic Pazhassi Raja fort can be seen at Panamaram, 29 km from
Sultan Battery. This was Pazhassi Raja's stronghold until the fort
was seized by the British in 1805. At Pulpally is a cave in which
Pazhassi Raja took refuge until his capture. The Raja is also believed
to have gifted a temple- the Mariamman Kovil - to the local tribes
as a reward for their help in his fight against the British invaders.
On the Ambukuthi hills
are the two Edakkal caves,
natural rock-cut formations formed by a large split in a huge rock
roofed over by other large rocks, all fixed in position through
natural processes. These caves have been made famous worldwide for
their ancient carvings and pictorial wall inscriptions of human
and animal figures with peculiar head dresses and swastik forms
and symbols. Archaeologists say the place was one of the earliest
centres of human habitation. Dating to the prehistoric era of the
new stone age civilizations, these caves can be reached from Ambalavayal,
16 km from Sultan Battery. The last two km to the caves have to
be trekked. It is best to visit the caves in the morning.
beautiful spot accessible only by foot is the Chethalayam waterfall,
about 12 km from Sultan Battery, on the Pulpally main road.
If you are in search of elephants, spotted deer, gaur, sambar
or sloth bear, head for the Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary, also known
as the Muthanga wildlife Sanctuary. Situated about 15 km from Sultan
Battery, it is sprawling over 344 sq km and from part of the area
of the Mudumalai sanctuary in Tamil Nadu and the Bandipur sanctuary
in Karnataka. The best season to visit the Wynad sanctuary is June
In several off-the-beaten- path tourist spots of Kerala,
the only accommodation available will be government guest houses.
There are several scattered all over the state, often quaint charming
old-style buildings in scenic locations. Though they are primarily
meant for government officials on tour, you can usually get a roof
for the night. And the rates are downright cheap. But don't expect
fancy frills-facilities are very basic, so make sure you carry essentials
like soap and towels.