Facts About Malappuram
Lowland : Sea level, Highland: 477 to 2340m above sea level
(Annual): 290 cm
Humid on the coast; tropical, with oppressive hot
season, in the interior
Season: September to March
to get there:
The nearest airport is at Calicut, 36 km away. Cochin Air port is
169 km and Trivandrum International Airport is 395 km to the sough.
The main railway station is at Calicut. There is another smaller
station at Tirur, 44 km south of Calicut.
Malappuram is linked by motorable roads to several towns in Kerala,
Karnataka an Tamil Nadu.
Local transport: For local transport there are buses, taxis,
Heroic symbol of the
The district of Malappuram, which literally means
a terraced place atop hills, was carved out of the districts of
Calicut and Palghat in 1969. Malappuram figures prominently in history
as the place which frequently questioned British Colonial authority.
Most of the famous Mappilla revolts of Malabar, which took place
between 1792 and 1921, occurred in areas now under Malappuram district.
In fact, it was to tame the Mappillas that the Malabar Special Police,
symbol of British colonial oppression and tyranny, was formed in
of the Valluvanad dynasty of chieftains who ruled over the are in
ancient and medieval items. Malappuram has always enjoyed the status
of a military headquarters. The Zamorin of Calicut, for instance,
consolidated his conquests and built a palace at the then important
Malabar sea port of Ponnani in Malappuram.
Malappuram lags behind the state's other districts in terms of standards
of literacy and education, paradoxically, the district has contributed
in no small measure to Kerala's cultural traditions. It has been
a centre for Vedic learning and teaching and Ponnani enjoyed a similar
status as an important centre for education in the philosophy of
Islam. Celebrated Mappilla poets and the famous dance, 'opana pattu'
of Mappilla women originated here.
father of Malayalam literature, Thunchath Ezhuthachan, the classical
epic poet, was born in Trikandiyoor in this district. Also born
in this district was VallatholNarayana Menon, often called the poet
laureate of Kerala.
contemporary personages, the Marxist political leader E.M.S. Namboodiripad,
was born at Elamkulam in Perinthalmanna, a taluk of Malappuram district.
Chaliyar and Kadalundi rivers are two of the six which flow through
this district. On top of the hill overlooking the Kadalundi river
is the old Haig barracks, founded by the British, now the headquarters
of the district administration.
the foot of the Cantonment Hill is the maidan called Kottappadi
('fort gate'), though today there are only traces of the old fort
built by the British to protect Malappuram from the occupation of
Malabar by Mysore.
Jama-at mosque here is important to Kerala's Muslims. The annual
'nercha' festival of the mosque is celebrated for four days in April.
Adjoining the mosque is a mausoleum of the Malappuram Shaheeds whose
brave exploits have been immortalised in Mappilla was ballads.
important religious centre for both Muslims and Hindus, Angadippuram
has the Tirumandhankunnu Temple dedicated to Goddess Durga as well
as the Puthanangadi Mosque which has Arabic inscriptions engraved
on one of its planks.
away is the small town of Kottakal, 12 km south-west of Malappuram
and 168 km from Cochin, home of the famed Kottakal Arya Vaidyasala,
pioneering cenre for Ayurveda, Kerala's traditional system of health
and medicine. Among the best run Ayurvedic centres in the state,
this institution runs an Ayurvedic research centre, a nursing home
and a hospital.
in 1902 by Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier, it has branches all over the
state as well as in Delhi and Madras. The treatment if offers for
various ailments attracts a large number of patients. Appointments
with the chief physician have to be looked well in advance.
the way to Malappuram, 18 km east of Manjeri, is Kondotti a prominent
pilgrim centre for Muslims. The Valia Nercha festival at the 500-year
old Pazhayangadi Mosque, celebrated for three days in February-March,
draws large crowds.
interested in nature and wild life should head for Nilambur, an
extensive forest area well known for its bambooms. It is home to
the world's oldest teak plantation, known as 'Canolly's Plot'. The
Cholanaickans, said to be among the oldest aboriginal tribes of
Kerala, live in the Nilambur forests.
back in time, the small coastal fishing town of Tanur was one of
the earliest settlements of the Portuguese. It is believed that
St. Francis Xavier visited the place in 1546 and converted the local
chieftain to Christianity. About 3 km south of Tanur town is Keraladesapuram
Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu and said to be one of Kerala's
birth place of Thunchath Ezhuthachen, now called Thunchan Parambu, is in Tirur.
It is the hallowed ground where hundreds of Malayalee children are
initiated into the wonders of writing when they first trace the
letters of the Malayalam alphabet in sand taken from theat revered
the banks of the river Bharathapuzha, 8 km south of Tirur, is Tirunavai,
a place of historical and religious significance. In olden days,
the Mamamkam festival here was a grand assembly of the rulers of
Kerala, held once in 12 years. Believed to have been founded by
Cheraman Perumal, it was last performed in 1755. Today the Sarvodaya
Mela is held in the Nava Mukunda Temple every January. This temple
is said to be founded by the nine great saints and is also called
the Benares of the South.