2491 sq km
935 to 2817 m above Sea level
(Annual): 278 cm
Season: September to March
to get there
The nearest airport is the Trivandrum International Airport, 71
kms away. From Trivandrum there are several KSRTC buses which go
to Quilon and beyond.
Quilon Junction is an important station in the Southern Railways
network in Kerala and connects Quilon to almost all important centres
in the rest of the country. Cochin is about 156 km north of Quilon
and takes 3 to 4 hours by train. There are also metre-guage trains
from Quilon to Chennai via Madurai which offer a rather different
and interestingly scenic journey. A Tourist Information counter
functions as the railway station.
Quilon is an important transit point for buses on the NH 47 highway
fro Trivandrum to the northern towns of Kerala. Buses are frequent
and fares reasonable. The trip to Trivandrum takes under two hours
and to Cochin, about one hour.
Ferry: The boat jetty is adjacent to the KSRTC central
bus stand, about 3 km away from the Railway Station. There are daily
ferry services through the scenic backwaters to Alleppey (10.30
AM departure for the 8 hour trip) and more frequent ones to smaller
destinations, viz, Guhandapuram (one-hour journey) and Muthiraparamb
(2½ hour journey.)
Private and KSRTC buses, Yellow-top and tourist taxis, Autorickshaws.
just cashew and fish
An ancient seaport town dating back to the 9th Century A.D.,
Kollam (the Malayalam name for Quilon) has given its name to the
Malayalam ear Kollavarsham, which began in 825 A.D and is said to
be calculated from the date of the founding of this town. That year
Persian immigrants set up a township in Quilon and built a church
there, having received a charter of privileges from the Raja of
Venad. According to one historical view, in that year King Udaya
Marthanda Varma of Venad convened at Quilon a grand assembly of
Kerala's learned men in order to introduce a new era which, the
assembly resolved, would be adopted from the Chingam (Malayalam
month) of the year.
over the centuries merchants from all over the world gathered and
contributed to the city's reputation as a centre of a flourishing
mercantile community. This is borne out by the testimonies of Arab,
Chinese. Jewish and European travellers (Marco Polo, amongst others).
It was also in Quilon that in 1330 A.D Friar Jordams was consecrated
Bishop of the roman Catholic See in India.
commercial importance led the Portuguese to set up a factory here
in 1502. This passed into the hands of the Dutch in 1661 and later,
in 1795, to the British. Today the red-tiled roofs that dot Quilon's
low skyline is a reminder of the architectural influences of the
Dutch and British villas. Further, the Chinese fishing nets along
the Ashtamudi Lake are testimony links with China.
town, which is 71 km from Trivandrum, is fairly important for the
state's trade and commerce and is the centre of the country's cashew
trading and processing industry. It is also an important hub for
the state's marine processing industry. It is also an important
hub for the state's marine products industry, with the port of Neendakara
being the centre for trawlers and ice plants.
picturesque town standing on the banks of the Ashtamudi
lake (''the lake with eight creeks''), Quilon's
contemporary fame among today's travellers is as the inviting gateway
to Kerala's exceedingly beautiful backwaters. The long 8-hour bout
trip from Quilon to Alleppey is the best and most comprehensive
introduction to the delights of Kerala's backwaters, as the journey
meanders through lakes, canals and waterbound villages. The famous
'Cheena Vala' or Chinese fishing nets can also be seen along the
As a typical
southern Kerala town, Quilon offers a tranquil, rural atmosphere,
punctuated by the bustle of trade and commerce in its many busy
and crowded market streets and junctions. On the outskirts of the
town are cashewnut processing factories. Next to
Guest House at Asramam, 3 km away from the central bus stand, is
an Adventure Park which delights children. The Quilon District Tourist
Promotion Council organises backwater cruises from there and, during
the season, conducted cruises to Alleppey.
There is a
beach with a small park at Quilon, popular as an evening retreat
for the locals.
On the route
Shenkottah, 70 km from Quilon, is Ariankavu which holds a shrine
devoted to Lord Sastha. The main festival of this temple is in December.
Five km from Ariankavu is the waterfall at Palaruvi at a height
of 300 feet. There are frequent buses to Ariankavu and at Palaruvi
there is a PWD Inspection Bungalow where rooms are sometimes available.
On the same
route, 64 km from Quilon, Kulathupuzha is in the forest range and
is famous a similar shrine. The most important temple festival here
is the Vishnu Mahotsava in April/May.
small town about 10 km south of Quilon, is known for its 9 temples,
the most famous of which is the shrine of Lord Subramanya, said
to have been consecrated by Sri Sankaracharya.
A very important
pilgrim centre 34 km north of Quilon, Oachira is famed for its 'Oachira
Kalli' festival in mid-June.
largest freshwater lake, is 29 km from Quilon and on the right bank
of the Kallada river. This is a small town with a temple dedicated
to Lord Sastha. An hour's bus ride from Quilon, Sasthamkotta has
a PWD Rest House where accommodation is available.
Five km and
a 15 minute bus trip from Quilon town, Thangassery is historically
important, as become evident by the ruins of the Portuguese/ Dutch
fort there as well as the 18th Century church. The 3 km long beach
has a lighthouse which is open to visitors between 3.30 p.m. and
, just 6 km north of the centre and easily reached by bus, is a
beautiful and quiet little beach ideal for swimming or lying in
Quilon District Tourism Promotion Council, Tel : 2742558 which functions
from the Government Guest House at Asramam where it maintains the
adventure Park and boating facilities, arranges on request a one-day
city tour by coach for a group of ten or more persons. For larger
groups the Council will arrange a backwater cruise to Alleppey