Kerala Districts :
of IndiaTo label Alapuzha (The Malayalam
name for alappuzha) The 'Venice of the East' might today appear
a far-etched cliche of travelogue writers, but this quaint little
town is certainly the Venice of India. Nowhere else will you find,
spread out across the center of town
:Cochin is well connected
to several important destinations. Bus services-both government
and private-are available to Alleppey, Quilon, Trivandrum, Thekkady,
Munnar, Palaghat, Calicut, Bangalore, Mysore, Madurai, Chennai,
Pondicherry, Kanniyakumari, Erode, Tuticorin and Velankanni.
:With high ranges of altitude varying
from 2500 feet to over 5000 feet above sea level, Idukki is the
district where forests and wildlife abound. About 1500 sq ft of
its area is reserved forest, much of which is home to a variety
of flora and fauna. These forests are a source of teak wood, rose
wood and sandal wood. They are also home to wildlife like tigers,
deer, bisons and monkeys. Streams, valleys and hills combine to
make Idukki district an ideal year-round holiday destination.
:This sea coast town in the
northern Malabar area was for many centuries the capital of the
Kolathiri Rajas, the rivals of the Zamorins of Calicut. Its importance
as a premier port of ancient Kerala was known to the Arabs and
the Persians. Marco Polo is supposed to have referred to Cannannore
as a great emporia of spices.
has water, forest and mineral resources. It is flanked by the
forest-covered Western Ghats in the east and the Arabian Sea in
the west. Demarcating the north and south are two rivers- the
Talapadi and the Trikaripur. Grey rocks and barren land amidst
dense vegetation as well as calm lagoons visible through the coconut
palms along the coastal belt lend this district a rare and different
beauty. Not surprisingly, Kasargod is poised for growth in the
area of tourism.
:An ancient seaport town dating back to the 9th Century
A.D., Kollam (the Malayalam name for Quilon) has given its name
to the Malayalam ear Kollavarsham, which began in 825 A.D and
is said to be calculated from the date of the founding of this
:In the past Kottayam was the seat firest of the Munjunad
Rajas and later, in the 12th century, of the Tekkumkur Rajas.
This fact of royal history is echoed in the town's name which
is derived from the Malayalam work kottayakam which means the
inside of a fort.
:Calicut's commercial glory
was also praised by the Arab Traveller Abdur Razzak in 1443 A.D.:
''Calicut is a perfectly secured harbour, which, like that of
Ormuz, brings together merchants from every city and from every
country.'' Interestingly, Calicut has also lent its name to 'calico',
the fine variety of handwoven cotton clothe said to have originated
in this place.
:Home of the Valluvanad dynasty
of chieftains who ruled over the are in ancient and medieval items.
Malappuram has always enjoyed the status of a military headquarters.
The Zamorin of Calicut, for instance, consolidated his conquests
and built a palace at the then important Malabar sea port of Ponnani
:The district, which lies at
the foot of the colossal Western Ghats, has only midland and highland
areas. Much of the area is made up of plains, interspersed with
a few hillocks. The plains are fertile and productive, so much
so that the district is considered the granary of Kerala.
:Aranmula, a small town on
the banks of the river Pamba, 10 km from Chengannur on the Trivandrum-Kottayam
route, is famed fro its expensive hand-made mirrors of polished
metal called the 'Aranmula Kannadi' or Aranmula
Mirror. During Onam (August/ September), the Aranmula Boat Race
takes place amidst celebrations and festivities.
roads link Trivandrum ti several important tourist and business
centres in India. Bus services of various classes are operated
by the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) as well
as corporations belonging to the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu.
:Trichur's rise as a town of
importance is attributed top Raja Rama Varma, popularly known
as 'Sakthan Thampuran', who ascended the throne of the State of
Cochin in 1790. Large areas of Trichur were captured by the latter
half of the 18th century, Tripu Sultan held sway over Trichur
until the European domination began under the Portuguese, the
Dutch and the English.
:Once ruled by the Kalpetta, the district headquarters,
is the famous Ananthaatha Jain Temple at Puliyarmala. This district
is said to have been a stronghold of Jains in the past. Another
pointer to this fact is the Glass Temple Of Koottamunda, 20 km
Kerala Map -Districts