Valley National Park, Palakkad
Location : 40 km from Mannarkkad, Palakkad district, north Kerala.
Attractions : Extremely fragile, a unique preserve of tropical evergreen
rain forests lying above the equator and the forest strip which
causes the summer rains in Kerala
The Silent Valley National Park has an area of
90 sq km is located in the north eastern corner of the district.
It rises abruptly to the Nilgiri Plateau in the north and overlooks
the plains of Mannarkkad in the south.
The core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is the Silent Valley
National Park. Despite its name, the Silent Valley (the clamour
of Cicadas is conspicuously absent here) echoes with the sounds
of teeming wildlife. The denizens of this sprawling habitat of endangered
virgin tropical forests include rare birds, deer and tiger.
Perhaps, nowhere else can one also find such a representative collection
of peninsular mammals, over a 100 species of butterflies and 400
species of moths and other fauna like the Ceylon Frog Moth, Great
Indian Hornbill, the Nilgiri Laughing Thrush and the Lion-tailed
The river Kunthi descends from the Nilgiri hills, an altitude of
2000 m above sea level, and traverses the entire length of the valley
and rushes down to the plains through the deep forest. The river
Kunthi never turns brown and is always crystal clear, perennial
The evapo-transpiration from these forests is much higher than
from any other surfaces. This cools the atmosphere, helps easy condensation
of water vapour and thus causes the summer rains.
Getting there :
Nearest railway station : Palakkad, about 80 km.
Nearest airport : Coimbatore (in neighbouring Tamilnadu State),
about 55 km.