Yakshagana Bombeyatta (puppetry) is a popular art
form of the State of Karnataka and Kasaragod, the northernmost district
of Kerala. The puppet show is a parallel tradition of Yakshagana,
the classical dance-drama prevalent in these regions. The puppets,
usually made of wood resemble the Yakshagana performers in costumes
and ornamentation. The most well known exponent of this art in Kerala
is the Sri. Gopalakrishna Yakshagana Bombeyatta Sangha (troupe).
Yakshagana performers wear huge headgears, elaborate
facial make-up, colourful costumes and ornaments which together
give a superhuman appearance to the character presented. The themes
of the plays are taken from the epics, Ramayana and Mahabharatha.
It is the story of slaying ( vadham) of the demon Kharasura by Lord
Sree Rama, hero of the epic Ramayana. Lakshmana, Lord Sree Rama's
brother insults Kharasura's sister Soorpanakha. Thus Kharasura challenges
Lord Sree Rama to a duel and is slain during the fight.
The language used is Kannada, though the troupe performs
in Malayalam as well as Tulu (local dialect of south Karnataka).
The puppetry is accompanied by the singing of verses and snatches
of dialogues. The orchestra includes percussion instruments like
chenda, maddalam, jagatta or chengila (cymbols) and chakratala or
elathalam (small cymbols).
Other Arts of Kerala |
:Dance of Arjuna :Arjuna is said to have propitiated goddess Bhadrakaali
by a devotional presentation
Theeyattu :Ayyappan theeyattu performed at Sree Ayyappa temples
is one of the two classifications of the religious ritual art called
: A fine blend of social satire, mime and comedy, the Chakyarkoothu
is usually presented in the traditional temple theatre Koothambalam
in Kathakali :The vesham symbolically represents five classes,
Pacha (green) portrays noble protagonists, Kathi (knife) villainous,
thadi (beard), Kari (black) represents low characters and Minukku
(prettying up) women, sages, brahmins
: A Nangiyar women plays cymbal and occasionally recites the verses.
The musical element is very much suppressed in Koodiyattom
Thayambaka : It is a pleasure to watch the revered old man weave
magic with his hands moving in perfect synchronisation
: mask dance usually performed in the northern districts of Kerala
: The coloured powders used for the kalam are prepared from natural
: Kathakali the classical art form of Kerala is a spectacular blend
of dance, drama, mime and song and is over 300 year old
Training :They also have to undergo training in dance steps, body
movements, and the mudras or the art of conveying ideas and meanings
through hand gestures.
: The origin of Mohiniyattom is rooted in Hindu mythology. Legends
says that when the ocean of milk was churned to extract the elixir
of life and immortality, the demons made away with the divine brew
: A satirist, he is the man who brought literary wit and humour within
the ken of common man
: Pavakkathakali was so simple a version of the Kathakali
that it was welcomed by the illiterate, rural people for whom 'Kathakali'
was inaccessible owing to its complexity.
: Parichamuttukali is a group dance performed by men bearing swords
and shields and follows the movements and steps of Kalarippayattu.
: Paramparya is a curtain raiser to the treasure trove of the arts
and crafts tradition of India. The second annual exhibition was held
on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake
: The leading musicial instrument accompanying the art form is
called Parayan Chenda - a percussion instrument.
: Kadammanitta, Kadalimangalam, Neelamperur and Othara in Pathanamthitta
are famous for annual Patayani performances.
:Today, Thiruvathirakali has become a popular dance
form for all seasons.
:Yakshagana performers wear huge headgears, elaborate facial make-up,
colourful costumes and ornaments which together give a superhuman
appearance to the character presented.